Today, the Progress in Child Well-Being report, which was commissioned from the Overseas Development Institute (ODI) by Save the Children and UNICEF, has been released. According to the report, some “remarkable progress” has been made within the last two decades in order to improve the well-being and health of childern all over the world. It identified six key elements which helped to improve children’s live of the past two decades: international aid; commitment and leadership from national governments; social investment and economic growth; well-planned programmes aimed at the most marginalised groups; and technology and innovation. The report also states that it is difficult, however, to show the impact of aid as it is directly connected to good governance and economic growth.
Some of the most remarkable developments made are:
- “12,000 fewer children under five died every day in 2010 than in 1990.
- Stunting – damage to children’s physical and cognitive development caused by malnutrition – declined in developing countries from 45% to 28% between 1990 and 2008, while the prevalence of underweight children also fell.
- Fewer children are becoming infected with HIV or dying of AIDS.
- The number of children enrolled in pre-primary education worldwide increased from 112 million to 157 million between 1999 and 2009.
- From 1999 to 2009 an additional 56 million children enrolled in primary school and the number of out-of-school primary-age children decreased by 38 million.
- Globally, girls now make up 53% of out-of-school primary-age children, compared with 58% in 1990.
- The proportion of adolescents of lower secondary age who were out of school worldwide fell by 21% from 1999 to 2009.
- More children are being registered at birth, and rates of child marriage and child labour have gone down in many countries.”
The full report can be found here.